１９８４年京都市立芸術大学大学院美術研究科修士課程工芸専攻（染織）修了。８０年代より本格的なインスタレーションを手掛ける作家として注目を浴びる。９０年代を通して，ニューヨーク近代美術館，サイト・サンタフェ等海外で紹介される機会も多く，その大掛りな空間造形と，微細なオブジェが融合した作品は高い評価を受ける。２０００年以降映像作品を制作しはじめ，映像作家としても知られるようになる。２００５年横浜トリエンナーレでは有名な寓話を大胆にモチーフに取り入れたHeidiシリーズを発表。話題を呼ぶ。２０１３年加須屋明子が芸術監督を務めた「龍野アートプロジェクト２０１３ 刻の記憶」でHeidi 53“echo”を発表。2014年「大原美術館 平成26年 春の有隣荘特別公開 松井智恵プルシャ」開催。
Matsui Chie first studied textile design in Kyoto City University of Arts and started her first installation using mixed media including silkscreen on various fabric, wood and plaster in early 80s. In 1990 Matsui was invited to Aperto in the 44th Biennale di Venezia. Since then, her works have been presented in many overseas venues including Site Santa Fe, Vancouver Art gallery, Louisiana Museum and The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Through the 1990’s she had been working on large-scale installations consisting of minimal white walls, symbolic objects and drawings. In mid 90s, Matsui started “Labor” series that uses different kinds of materials such as fake fur, mirrors and round saws surrounded by red walls with cut out letters. In 2000 Matsui produced her first video work She dissolves. In Heidi series Matsui refers to a famous fable by Johanna Spyri and casts herself on the heroin, Heidi, who is an orphan raised by her grandfather in Alps. Through the series, Matsui challenges the internationally well-known moral character and creates her own visionary story. Her second Heidi series Heidi 45 was first presented in Yokohama Triennale 2005 in hi-definition format. Heidi 45 starts with a cryptic dialogue between an old lady and a girl in imaginary language with subtitles. Matsui is also known for her hallucinating drawings and paintings, which have been shown at the gallery from time to time. Her drawings are not plans or drafts for her video/installation, but more independently created in association with her video/installation.Chie Matsui was born Osaka in a Buddhist temple family. She lives and works in Osaka, Japan.